Cloud computing is now a standard for modern businesses and fueling the digital transformation of IT. By the end of 2018, the global cloud market will hit $178 billion, up from $146 billion in 2017. According to IDC, 60% of all IT infrastructure and technology spending will be cloud-based by 2020.
As 2018 comes to a close, here are seven key trends you can expect to shape cloud computing in 2019.
1. Rise of Multi-Cloud. Businesses are already embracing cloud services, either as a private or public solution or hybrid combination. But as SaaS application subscriptions (e.g., Salesforce and Marketo) continue to grow, so will investment in platform-as-a-service (PaaS) technologies. In 2019, expect most companies to use not one, but two or three cloud services at a time (e.g. Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure) to manage data on both cloud and on-premises systems.
2. Multi-cloud Data Sync. As the number of SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS platforms rises, siloed data and data synchronization become a big problem. And so while popular SaaS apps automate sales and marketing business processes—not to mention customer service, billing, and shipping—synchronizing customer data across SaaS applications becomes even more crucial. For this reason, don't be surprised to see big growth in data integration services that sync data across multiple cloud systems in 2019.
3. Disaster Recovery Top Priority. CIOs are starting to take disaster recovery even more seriously with public cloud services. They’re acutely aware of backing up services run in the cloud by utilizing multiple cloud vendors to backup copies of their data or software applications. Although cloud-based disaster recovery is still nascent, some companies, especially SMBs, are discovering and starting to leverage cloud services for disaster recovery. Companies strapped for IT resources can also be nimble with cloud services, since the pricing model is usage-based and disaster recovery sites in the cloud reduce the need for data center space, IT infrastructure and IT resources. Therefore, you can expect to see more SMBs make disaster recovery a top priority in 2019.
4. Tighter Security. Security breaches are fast on the rise worldwide. According to Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC), the number of U.S. data breaches tracked in 2017 hit a new all-time high of 1,579, up 44.7 percent from the previous year. As of December 2018, the U.S. has had close to 3,000 data breaches, smashing this record. In light of this disconcerting trend, businesses are tightening security now more than ever, with premier tech companies from Google to Alibaba in China racing to build quantum computers. All this means that in 2019 the level of encryption to protect digital information will be an all-time high. Anticipate companies to invest even more in cloud security so as to better guard assets and minimize risk. And also expect more cloud services to offer data protection, encryption, and security as integrated features of the product, rather than add-ons.
5. Lower Costs. While cloud pricing is getting more complex and diverse, with some companies charging by messages sent or data use per second, IT executives are getting better at navigating these costs and saving money in the process. At the same time, server and storage resources tend to cost less on cloud platforms compared to traditional on-premises resources. By handling server capacity, optimization, upgrades, and maintenance, cloud providers save businesses valuable time and money. Free from having to devote time to system integrations, data management professionals can invest their budget on innovative projects elsewhere. Thus, expect 2019 to herald lower costs in cloud computing services.
6. Container Orchestration. Containers basically make it easier for developers to manage and migrate software code. They offer a logical packaging mechanism in which applications can be abstracted from the environment in which they actually run. This decoupling allows container-based applications to be deployed easily and consistently, regardless of whether the target environment is a private data center, the public cloud, or even a developer’s personal laptop. Containerization provides a clean separation of concerns, as developers focus on their application logic and dependencies, while IT operations teams can focus on deployment and management without bothering with application details such as specific software versions and configurations specific to the app. In 2019, you can expect container orchestration to spread throughout organizations on the cloud.
7. Explosion in Self-Service. More business users want to perform self-guided data exploration and visualization, without data prep or complex integrations. This implies greater demand for self-service access to data warehouses and other cloud-based data sets for analytics. As more organizations seek out cloud-based data integration solutions, expect 2019 to offer more self-service solutions.
Planning to embrace the cloud? Bedrock Data can help you improve your cloud strategy with Fusion, an on-demand cloud data warehouse, and Sync, a data integration product that allows your SaaS applications to synchronize data in one or both directions.